There are two forms of reading assessment. The first is to
how well children are reading in order to help them
Diagnostic assessment is about giving feedback
to learners. The second is to measure how
has been made. Both forms of assessment are
effective reading instruction. In beginning reading,
is normally done by listening to students reading
assess word recognition and fluency in this
this stage, assessment should focus primarily on
Text comprehension is usually assessed through
should focus on main ideas and viewpoints, not
These are called higher-order questions. Methods
vary with the types of responses students make
questions. The students’ responses can be spoken or
Written responses can be in the form of a
short answers or extended pieces of writing.
reading should ideally be authentic.
reflect the type of reading normally encountered in
• Use assessment to find out how well students are
also how to help them read better.
• Choose a method of assessment appropriate for the
type of student.
• Higher-order questions take the form of ‘how’ and
• When choosing materials for assessing, be
mindful of words and concepts that might be unfamiliar.